Brecht Cardoen

In his work Brecht Cardoen promotes the application of visualisation and modelling techniques to complex processes so as to reach sound and integrated decision making. In his view decision sciences is a skill rather than knowledge. This makes it applicable to a wide range of business problems. Brecht works together with various companies to illustrate the impact of decision analysis on real projects: from the grouping of low-level radioactive waste for safe near-surface disposal to surgery scheduling for hospitals.

Expert in
Healthcare management
Process management
Operations & Supply Chain Management
Service Operations Management
Decision modelling
Hospital Management


Brecht Cardoen is Assistant Professor in Service Operations Management at Vlerick Business School and a Research Fellow at the Faculty of Business and Economics of KU Leuven. He received his PhD in Applied Economics from KU Leuven on the impact of optimisation techniques on hospital operating theatres (2009). In 2012 Brecht was Visiting Professor at the University of Cambridge Judge Business School, UK.

His teaching activities focus on decision sciences for business, management integration and business statistics. He lectures on Master, MBA and executive level at the Ghent, Leuven, Brussels and St. Petersburg campus of Vlerick Business School, and also at Peking University for the Beijing International MBA Alliance. Within the executive education programmes he teaches in the Executive Master Class in Supply Chain Management, the Executive Master Class in Business Process Management, and also in Management for the Hospital Professional, for which he is Programme Director.

His research interests are on optimisation and decision sciences in services with a particular interest in healthcare services. He heads MINOZ, a research centre for hospital operations management and is responsible for Vlerick’s Healthcare Management Day. Brecht furthermore co-directs the Healthcare Supply Chain Research Network and contributes to a wide variety of contract research initiatives. His work has been published in various international academic journals. He is also editorial board member of “Operations Research for Healthcare”.



Articles in refereed journals with impact

  • Boros S. Van Gorp L. Cardoen B. Boute R.  forthcoming. Breaking Silos: A Field Experiment on Relational Conflict Management in Cross-Functional Teams. Group Decision & Negotiation,

  • Cardoen B. Vansteenkiste N.  forthcoming. Due time driven surgery scheduling. Health Care Management Science,

  • Cardoen B. Beliën J. Vanhoucke M.  2015. On the Design of Custom Packs: Grouping of Medical Disposable Items for Surgeries. International Journal of Production Research, 53(24): 7343-7359.

  • Robberecht R. Cardoen B. Gemmel P.  2014. Breaking down the silo of the hospital pharmacy. British Journal of Hospital Medicine, 75(9): 486-487.

  • Beliën J. De Bruecker P. Van den Bergh J. Cardoen B.  2013. Integrated staffing and scheduling for an aircraft line maintenance problem. Computers & Operations Research, 40(4): 1023-1033.

  • Beliën J. Cardoen B.  2012. Improving workforce scheduling of aircraft line maintenance at Sabena Technics. Interfaces, 42(4): 352-364.

  • Cardoen B.  2011. A decision support system for surgery sequencing at UZ Leuven's day-care department. International Journal of Information Technology & Decision Making, 10(2): 1-16.

  • Cardoen B. Van der Hoeven J.  2010. On the use of planning models in the operating theatre: Results of a survey in Flanders. International Journal of Health Planning and Management, 25: 400-414.

  • Cardoen B. Beliën J.  2010. Operating room planning and scheduling: A literature review. European Journal of Operational Research, 201(3): 921-932.

  • Cardoen B.  2010. Operating room planning and scheduling: Solving a surgical case sequencing problem. 4OR - A quarterly Journal of Operations Research, 8(1): 101-104.

  • Cardoen B. Beliën J.  2009. Optimizing a multiple objective surgical case sequencing problem. International Journal of Production Economics, 119(2): 354-366.

  • Cardoen B. Beliën J.  2009. Sequencing surgical cases in a day-care environment: An exact branch-and-price approach. Computers & Operations Research, 36(9): 2660-2669.

  • Beliën J. Cardoen B.  2009. A decision support system for cyclic master surgery scheduling with multiple objectives. Journal of Scheduling, 12(2): 147-161.

  • Cardoen B.  2008. Capacity of clinical pathways: A strategic multi-level evaluation tool. Journal of Medical Systems, 32(6): 443-452.

Articles in other (un)refereed journals

  • Van Dyck W. Cardoen B.  2015. Personalized medicine: time to invest more in our health. The Clinical Services Journal, (February): 34-35.

  • Van Steendam T. Cardoen B.  2013. Belang van traceability in de zorgsector. Zorgmagazine, (19): 30-33.

  • Cardoen B. Gemmel P. Robberecht R.  2013. De onthaalomgeving vanuit een service-operations perspectief., 11(2): 22-28.

  • Samudra M. Cardoen B.  2013. A closer view at the patient surgery planning and scheduling problem: A literature review. Review of Business and Economic Literature, 58(2): 115-139.

  • Cardoen B. Gemmel P. Robberecht R.  2012. Lean in healthcare - Breaking the trade-off between service and efficiency. Zorgmagazine, (May): 32-34.

  • Cardoen B. Beliën J.  2010. Operating room planning and scheduling problems: a classification scheme. International Journal of Health Management and Information, 1(1): 71-83.

  • Sermeus W. Beliën J. Cardoen B.  2007. Clinical pathways and operations management: it takes two to tango. Tijdschrift voor Economie en Management, LII(3): 451-469.

  • Beliën J. Cardoen B.  2006. Visualizing the demand for various resources as a function of the master surgery schedule: a case study. Journal of Medical Systems, 30(5): 343-350.

Book Chapters

  • Beliën J. Cardoen B. Samudra M.  2013. Operating room planning and scheduling. In: Denton B. Handbook of Healthcare Operations Management: Methods and Applications (International Series in Operations Research & Management Science (pp. 121-152). Springer.

  • Beliën J. Cardoen B.  2010. Managing critical resources through an improved surgery scheduling proces. In: Yuehwern Y. Handbook of Healthcare Delivery Systems Taylor & Francis Group.

Conference Presentations

  • Van den Broeke M. Boute R. Cardoen B. Samii B.  2015. Product-platform-attribute decisions based on total supply chain costs. Paper presented at Production Operations Management Society (POMS): 26th annual conference, May 8-11, Washington, United States.

  • Cardoen B. Beliën J. Vanhoucke M.  2014. Case-based learnings for configuring custom packs. Paper presented at Cpnference of the International Federation of Operational Research (IFORS), Barcelona, Spain.

  • Samudra M. Cardoen B.  2014. . The effect of three different scheduling strategies on patient related performance measures. Paper presented at Operational Research Applied to Health Services, Lisbon, Portugal.

  • Cardoen B.  2013. A two-step patient scheduling procedure. Paper presented at EURO XXVI INFORMS Conference, July 1-4, Rome, Italy.

  • Cardoen B.  2012. How to schedule patients within their due time. Paper presented at INFORMS Annual Meeting, October 14-17, Phoenix, United States.

  • Beliën J. Cardoen B.  2012. Improving workforce scheduling of aircraft line maintenance at Sabena technics. Paper presented at International Conference on Airport Operations Management, October 17-19, Munich, Germany.

  • Cardoen B.  2012. Due time driven patient scheduling. Paper presented at INFORMS International Meeting Beijng, July 24-27, Beijing, China.

  • Cardoen B.  2011. Volgordeplanning in de operatiezalen van een chirurgisch dagcentrum. Paper presented at Belgisch Congres voor Ambulante Chirurgie, Brussel, Belgium.

  • Vanhoucke M. Cardoen B.  2010. On the design of custom packs: grouping of medical disposable items for surgical procedures. Paper presented at 2010 EURO XXIV Conference, July 11-14, Lisbon, Portugal.

  • Cardoen B.  2010. Operating room planning and scheduling: Solving a surgical case sequencing problem. Paper presented at 2010 EURO XXIV Conference, July 11-14, Lisbon, Portugal.

  • Beliën J. Cardoen B.  2010. A heuristic branch-and-bound approach for aircraft line maintenance staffing and scheduling. Paper presented at 2010 EURO XXIV Conference, July 11-14, Lisbon, Portugal.

  • Cardoen B. Beliën J.  2009. A classification scheme for operating room planning and scheduling problems. Paper presented at 2009 ORAHS Conference, July 12-17, 2009 ORAHS Conference, Belgium.

  • Cardoen B.  2008. Sequencing patients in a surgical day-care center: a software application. Paper presented at INFORMS Annual Meeting 2008, October 12-15, Washington, DC, United States.

  • Cardoen B.  2008. Sequencing surgeries at UZ Leuven: a visualization and optimization tool.. Paper presented at 34th annual conference on Operations Research Applied to Health Services (ORAHS), July 28-August 1, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

  • Cardoen B.  2007. Scheduling surgical cases: a branch-and-price approach. Paper presented at INFORMS International Rio Grande 2007, July 8-11, Rio Grande, Puerto Rico.

  • Beliën J. Cardoen B.  2007. A multi-objective decision support system for cyclic master surgery scheduling. Paper presented at 22nd European Conference on Operational Research EURO XXII, July 8-11, Prague, Czech Republic.

  • Cardoen B. Beliën J.  2007. Determining surgery schedules on the operational level through column generation. Paper presented at 33rd International Conference on Operational Research Applied to Health Services (ORAHS), July 15-20, Saint-Etienne, France.

  • Cardoen B.  2006. Optimizing multiple objectives for a surgical case scheduling problem. Paper presented at INFORMS Annual Meeting 2006, November 5-8, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States.

  • Cardoen B.  2006. A branch-and-bound approach for scheduling surgical cases in a day-care environment. Paper presented at 21st European Conference on Operational Research (EURO XXI), July 2-5, Reykjavik, Iceland.

  • Cardoen B.  2005. Evaluating capacity of clinical pathways through simulation. Paper presented at INFORMS Annual Meeting, November 13-16, San Francisco, CA, United States.

Conference Proceedings

  • Gemmel P. Cardoen B. Robberecht R. Landry S.  2015. Process Performance and Service Quality in Chemotherapy Day Units: Two Sides of the Same Coin. (pp. 103-111). Shangai:

  • Cardoen B. Beliën J. Vanhoucke M.  2012. Grouping of medical disposable items into custom packs: a mathematical programming approach. Twente:

  • Cardoen B. Beliën J.  2007. Constructing surgery schedules using an optimization and visualisation tool. Seattle, Washington:

  • Beliën J. Cardoen B.  2007. Design and implementation of heuristic procedures for multi-objective master surgery scheduling. Saint-Etienne:

Doctoral dissertation

  • Cardoen B.  2009. Operating room planning and scheduling: Solving a surgical case sequencing problem. 

Research reports