Leo Sleuwaegen

Leo Sleuwaegen is an expert in translating the challenges of a changing global environment into relevant strategic issues for corporate decision making. He is a regular (invited) speaker at international conferences and has published in a wide array of papers in leading academic journals on topics related to the global strategic decision making. Leo is also Director of the Flanders  District of Creativity organisation. The mission of this organisation is to stimulate creativity among entrepreneurs and entrepreneurship among creative workers. Leo has been a consultant for many international organisations, including the World Bank, OECD, EU and major private companies.

Job Title : Professor of International Strategy

Management Domain
Strategy

Teaching in
Successful strategy execution
Executive MBA Russia

Expert in
Relevant Geographic Market
Relocation
Foreign Investment
Strategy
Industrial Organisation & EU Competition Policy
Strategic Context & International Business
International Business
International Entrepreneurship
International Business

Profile

Leo Sleuwaegen is Professor of Managerial Economics, Strategy and Innovation at KU Leuven and Full Professor at Vlerick Business School. He has recently been Visiting Professor at Erasmus University of Rotterdam, where he held for many years the Trust Fund endowed Chair “European Integration and Corporate Strategy”, University of California (Irvine), Bocconi University (Milan), Université de Paris I (Panthéon-Sorbonne) and New York University.

He holds a PhD in Economics from KU Leuven. His dissertation was awarded ’Best Doctoral Dissertation' by the Academy of International Business, New York, in 1985. As Expert-Consultant he has worked for the European Commission, World Bank, OECD, United Nations, the Belgian and Flemish government and major international companies.

Leo Sleuwaegen has published in a wide array of international journals including the Review of Economics and Statistics, Journal of Industrial Economics, Journal of International Business Studies, European Economic Review, International Journal of Industrial Organization, World Economy, Economics Letters, Review Of Industrial Organization, Journal of Development Economics, Journal of Development Studies, Weltwirtschafliches Archiv and Research Policy. He is also Associate Editor of the International Journal of the Economics of Business and serves on the editorial review board of the Journal of International Business Studies.

 

Publications

Articles in refereed journals with impact

  • Goedhuys M. Sleuwaegen L.  2016. High-growth versus declining firms: the differential impact of human capital and R&D. Applied Economics Letters, 23(5): 369-372.

  • Goedhuys M. Sleuwaegen L.  2016. International standards certification, institutional voids and exports from developing country firms. International Business Review, 25(6): 1344-1355.

  • Colantone I. Sleuwaegen L.  2015. Low-cost import competition and firm exit: evidence from the EU. Industrial and Corporate Change, 24(1): 131-161.

  • Sleuwaegen L. Onkelinx J.  2014. International commitment, post-entry growth and survival of international new ventures. Journal of Business Venturing, 29(1): 106-120.

  • Sleuwaegen L. Boiardi P.  2014. Creativity and regional innovation: Evidence from EU regions. Research Policy, 43(9): 1508-1522.

  • Sleuwaegen L.  2013. The impact of international standards certification on the performance of firms in less developed countries. World development, 47: 87-101.

  • Sleuwaegen L.  2010. High-growth entrepreneurial firms in Africa: a quantile regression approach. Small Business Economics, 34(1): 31-51.

  • Colantone I. Sleuwaegen L.  2010. International trade, exit and entry: A cross-country and industry analysis. Journal of International Business Studies, 41(7): 1240-1257.

  • Coucke K. Sleuwaegen L.  2008. Offshoring as a Survival Strategy: Evidence from firms in Belgian Manufacturing. Journal of International Business Studies, 39(8): 1261-1277.

  • Coucke K. Pennings E. Sleuwaegen L.  2007. Employee layoff under different modes of restructuring: exit, downsizing or relocation. Industrial and Corporate Change, 16(2): 161-182.

  • Bowen H. Sleuwaegen L.  2007. European integration: the third step. International Economics and Economic Policy, 4(3)

  • Sleuwaegen L. Pennings E.  2006. International relocation of production: where do firms go?. Scottish Journal of Political Economy, 53(4): 430-446.

  • Belderbos R. Sleuwaegen L.  2005. Competitive drivers and international plant configuration strategies: a product-level test. Strategic Management Journal, 26(6): 577-593.

  • Pennings E. Sleuwaegen L.  2004. The choice and timing of foreign direct investment under uncertainty. Economic Modelling, 21(6): 1101-1115.

  • Sleuwaegen L. De Backer K.  2003. Does foreign direct investment crowed out domestic entrepreneurship?. Review of Industrial Organization, 22(1): 67-84.

  • Sleuwaegen L. De Backer K.  2003. Foreign ownership and productivity dynamics. Economics Letters, 79(2): 177-183.

  • Sleuwaegen L.  2003. Technical efficiency, market share and profitability of manufacturing firms in Côte d'Ivoire: the technology trap. Cambridge Journal of Economics, 27(6): 851-866.

  • Sleuwaegen L. Schep K. den Hartog G. Commandeur H.R.  2003. Value creation and the alliance experiences of Dutch companies. Long Range Planning, 36(6): 533-542.

  • Sleuwaegen L.  2002. Growth of Firms in Developing countries, Evidence from Cote D'Ivoire. Journal of Development Economics, 68(1): 117-135.

  • Belderbos R. Sleuwaegen L. Jie A Joen C.  2002. Local content requirements, vertical cooperation, and foreign direct investment. De Economist, 150(2): 155-180.

  • Sleuwaegen L. De Backer K.  2001. Multinational enterprises, market integration and trade structure: what remains of the standard goods hypothesis? . Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv, 137(3): 379-403.

Articles in other (un)refereed journals

  • Sleuwaegen L.  2013. Scanning for profitable (international) growth. Journal of Strategy and management, 6(1): 96-110.

  • Sleuwaegen L.  2013. Naar een structurele transformatie van de economie: wat met de verwerkende industrie. Over.Werk, : 32-38.

  • Sleuwaegen L.  2012. Le rôle des services aux entreprises à forte intensité de connaissances dans la compétitivité belge : conseil et assistance aux entreprises. Reflets et perspectives de la vie économique, Tome LI(2012/1): 117-128.

  • Onkelinx J. Sleuwaegen L.  2012. Internationalisation strategies of Small and Medium sized enterprises: The case of belgium. Review of Business and Economics, LVI(2): 128-146.

  • Bowen H. Sleuwaegen L.  2008. A composite index of the creative economy. Review of Business and Economics, LIII(4): 375-397.

  • De Backer K. Sleuwaegen L.  2005. A closer look at the productivity advantage of foreign affiliates. International Journal of the Economics of Business, 12(1): 17-34.

  • Sleuwaegen L. De Backer K.  2003. Barometer van het concurrentievermogen van de Vlaamse economie. Business Inzicht, (14): 2-3.

  • De Backer K. Sleuwaegen L.  2003. Barometer van het concurrentievermogen van de Vlaamse economie. Over.Werk, 13(4): 186-189.

  • De Backer K. Sleuwaegen L.  2003. De luchthaven Brussel nationaal: nieuwe uitdagingen. Over.Werk, 13(4): 190-194.

  • Vandenbroere I. De Backer K. Sleuwaegen L.  2003. Een bedrijfsdatabank voor Vlaanderen. Over.Werk, 13(1-2): 94-96.

  • Sleuwaegen L.  2002. Reforming the system of state assistance. Problems of Economic Transition, 44(11): 83-85.

  • Sleuwaegen L. De Backer K.  2001. Desindustrialisatie in België. Tijdschrift voor Economie en Management, 46(3): 293-314.

  • Sleuwaegen L.  2000. Entrepreneurship and growth of entrepreneurial firms in Côte d'Ivoire. Journal of Development Studies, 36(3): 122-144.

  • Sleuwaegen L. Pennings E.  2000. International relocation: firm and industry determinants. Economics Letters, 67: 179-186.

  • Sleuwaegen L. De Voldere I.  1999. Europese netwerkvorming en delokalisatie in België. Bedrijfskunde, (4): 7-12.

  • Sleuwaegen L. Langerak F. Commandeur H.R.  1999. Het verband tussen marktgerichtheid en het bedrijfsresultaat van industriële ondernemingen in uiteenlopende bedrijfstakken. Tijdschrift voor Economie en Management, 44(2): 175-194.

  • Sleuwaegen L. Belderbos R. Jie A Joen C.  1998. Cascading Contingent Protection and Vertical Market Structure. International Journal of Industrial Organization, 16(6): 607-718.

Book Chapters

  • Sleuwaegen L.  2013. Internationaal management als programma onderdeel van Masteropleidingen. In: Geurts J. Rijnders W. Managers onderwijzen: een agenda voor management opleiders Rozenberg.

  • Buysse R. Geurts K. Sleuwaegen L.  2011. De offshoring van activiteiten door ondernemingen in Vlaanderen. In: Manigart S. Grenzeloos ondernemen in Vlaanderen. Een wetenschappelijk beleidsondersteunend perspectief op internationaal ondernemen (pp. 177-196). Roularta Books.

  • Buysse R. Sleuwaegen L.  2011. Vlaanderen binnen een internationale context. In: Manigart S. Grenzeloos ondernemen in Vlaanderen. Een wetenschappelijk beleidsondersteunend perspectief op internationaal ondernemen (pp. 13-42). Roularta Books.

  • Sleuwaegen L.  2009. Growth of Firms in Developing countries. In: Ed. Entrepreneurship in developing countries (pp. 420-438). Edward Elgar Publishing.

  • Sleuwaegen L. Veugelers R.  2007. Geographical concentration of production by leading firms in Europe. In: Ed. Economic integration and spatial location of firms and industries - Volume III: Transnational corporations and search for evidence (pp. 11-34). Edward Elgar Publishing.

  • Sleuwaegen L. Valentini G.  2006. Trends in mergers and acquisitions. In: Ed. Mergers and Acqusitions. The innovation impact (pp. 11-28). Edward Elgar Publishing.

  • Sleuwaegen L. Veugelers R.  2005. Geographical concentration of production in EU manufacturing. In: Ed. Multinational firms' location and the new economic geography (pp. 11-34). Edward Elgar Publishing.

  • De Backer K. Sleuwaegen L.  2005. The impact of foreign investment on productivity and technology in Belgium. In: Ed. Beyond borders: internationalisation of R&D and policy implications for small open economies (pp. 23-42). Elsevier.

  • De Backer K. Sleuwaegen L.  2004. Barometer van het concurrentievermogen van de Vlaamse economie. In: Ed. VMA Jaarboek 2004 (pp. 24-27). Duyck.

  • Rondi L. Sleuwaegen L. Vannoni D.  2004. Changes in the Industrial and Geographical Diversification of Leading Firms in European Manufacturing. In: Ed. European integration and the functioning of product markets (pp. 61-83). Edward Elgar Publishing.

  • Sleuwaegen L. Van Dierdonck R. Vereecke A. Vandenbroere I. Peene B.  2004. Europese distributiecentra en value added activities in Vlaanderen: economische betekenis en concurrentiepositie. In: Ed. Logistiek: laatste front in de concurrentieslag (pp. 75-124). Garant-Uitgevers.

  • Sleuwaegen L. Vanneste D. Abraham F. Cabus P.  2003. Belgische werkgelegenheid in een mondialiserende economie: impact op de microeconomische en geografisch-territoriale structuur. Academia Press.

  • Sleuwaegen L. Vereecke A.  2003. Western industry is dead, long live the knowledge economy. In: Ed. ? in management: the art and science of management (pp. 18-21). Vlerick Business School.

  • Bouckaert J. Sleuwaegen L. Steurs G.  2002. Marktwerking in de diensten: nood aan een aangepaste regelgeving en mededigingsbeleid. 

  • Sleuwaegen L. Pennings E.  2002. Relocation and public aid: a first report . In: Ed. Multinational Frims. The Global-Local Dilemma (pp. 178-189). Routledge Taylor & Francis.

  • Sleuwaegen L. Veugelers R.  2000. Competitive and comparative advantages: the case of Belgium. In: Ed. Paradoxes of Globalisation: the Case of the Small Open Economy (pp. 93-112). Edward Elgar Publishing.

Books

  • Devoldere I. Sleuwaegen L.  2009. Werk maken van een creatieve economie. LannooCampus.

  • Sleuwaegen L.  1997. Het ondernemingsplan : aandachtspunten bij het opstarten van een onderneming. Academic Service.

Conference Presentations

  • Colantone I. Coucke K. Sleuwaegen L.  2009. Globalization and firm exit: Differences between small and large firms. Paper presented at Annual Meeting of the Academy of International Business (AIB), June 27-30, San Diego, United States.

  • Pennings E. Sleuwaegen L. Coucke K.  2006. Globalization and firm restructuring. Paper presented at Academy of International Business Annual Meeting (AIB) 2006 Annual Meeting, June 23-26, Beijing,

  • Sleuwaegen L.  2005. Belgium. Economic Perspectives, Challenges and Paradoxes. Paper presented at E&Y Strategy Conference, November 29, Vaals, the Netherlands.

  • Sleuwaegen L.  2005. Economic consequences of REACH - Critical comments. Paper presented at REACH Closing Conference, April 13, Brussels, Belgium.

  • Bowen H. Sleuwaegen L.  2005. European integration: the third step. Paper presented at Conference 'New developments in EU Integration Studies', May 16, Palo Alto, CA, United States.

  • Sleuwaegen L.  2005. Strategies for Europe. Paper presented at Stanford Center for European Studies Video Conference, January 26, Palo Alto, CA, United States.

  • De Backer K. Sleuwaegen L.  2005. The Strategic effects of the liability of foreignness. Paper presented at Academy of International Business Annual Meeting (AIB) 2005, July 9-12, Quebec, Canada.

  • Sleuwaegen L.  2004. Concentration, industry turbulence and merger control in the EU. Paper presented at Conference on International Mergers and Acquisitions, May 14, Sorbonne, Paris, France.

  • De Backer K. Sleuwaegen L.  2004. Foreign ownership and firm growth: is learning transferable across borders?. Paper presented at 30th EIBA Annual Conference, December 5-8, Ljubljana, Slovenia.

  • De Backer K. Sleuwaegen L.  2003. A close(r) look at the productivity advantage of foreign firms. Paper presented at 18th annual Congress of the European Economic Association, August 20-24, Stockholm, Sweden.

  • De Backer K. Sleuwaegen L.  2003. A close(r) look at the productivity advantage of foreign firms. Paper presented at 30th EARIE Annual Conference, August 24-26, Helsinki, Finland.

  • Sleuwaegen L. Veugelers R. Devoldere I. Van Pelt A.  2003. Corporate structure of leading firms in Europe: does country of origin still matter?. Gent, Belgium.

  • Sleuwaegen L. Vannoni D.  2002. Changes in industrial and geographical diversification of leading firms in European manufacturing. 

  • Belderbos R. Sleuwaegen L.  2002. International plant configuration strategies: a structured decision making approach and product level test. Paper presented at European Association of Research in Industrial Economics conference, September 5-8, Madrid, Spain.

  • Van Pelt A. Veugelers R. Sleuwaegen L. De Voldere I.  2002. The use of M&A in the corporate strategy of leading firms in Europe. Paper presented at Ernst & Young - KU Leuven - Vlerick Leuven Gent Management School, November 26, Leuven, Belgium.

  • De Backer K. Sleuwaegen L.  2002. Why are foreign firms more productive than domestic firms?. Paper presented at European International Business Academy conference, December 8-10, Athens, Greece.

Conference Proceedings

  • Sleuwaegen L. Onkelinx J.  2010. Internationalization strategy and performance of small and medium sized enterprises. Brussels:

  • Colantone I. Coucke K. Sleuwaegen L.  2009. Globalization and firm exit: Differences between small and large firms. Valencia:

  • Sleuwaegen L.  2009. High-growth entrepreneurial firms in Africa: a quantile regression approach. 

  • Coucke K. Colantone I. Sleuwaegen L.  2008. Global Trade and Firm Exit: Does Firm Size Matter?. Toulouse:

  • Coucke K. Sleuwaegen L.  2007. Offshoring as a Survival Strategy in Globalizing Industries: New Evidence from Belgian Manufacturing. Valencia:

  • Coucke K. Pennings E. Sleuwaegen L.  2005. Employee layoff under different modes of restructuring: exit, downsizing or relocation. Porto:

Research reports

  • Ramboer S. Sleuwaegen L.  2015. Het belang van de strategische context voor de ontwikkeling van Hoge Groei Ondernemingen. STORE. (36 p.)

  • Demeulemeester S. Aerts C. Belderbos R. Sleuwaegen L. Bruneel J.  2015. Antecedents of the export decision - a case study approach. VISION. (43 p.)

  • De Ruytter S. Ramboer S. Sleuwaegen L.  2015. Het belang van de strategische context voor de ontwikkeling van Hoge Groei Ondernemingen. STORE. (26 p.)

  • Lecocq C. Belderbos R. Sleuwaegen L.  2015. De internationalisering van de Vlaamse dienstensector: dataproblematiek rond de verzameling van statistische informatie en karakteristieken van de Vlaamse dienstenexport in 2005. VISION. (67 p.)

  • De Ruytter S. Sleuwaegen L.  2014. Het beleid ter stimulering van hoge groei van ondernemingen: internationale vergelijking. STORE. (33 p.)

  • De Ruytter S. Sleuwaegen L.  2014. Industriële KMO's in Vlaanderen: groeiers en dalers. STORE. (16 p.)

  • Devoldere B. Buelens M. De Stobbeleir K. Debruyne M. Meuleman M. Sleuwaegen L.  2014. De inspiratie-economie: een toekomstvisie voor de regionale ontwikkeling van Vlaanderen. Flanders DC. (132 p.)

  • Boiardi P. Sleuwaegen L.  2014. The antecedents of exporting. VISION. (30 p.)

  • Goedhuys M. Sleuwaegen L.  2013. Methoden voor de evaluatie van beleidsmaatregelen: recente bijdragen. (26 p.)

  • Goedhuys M. Sleuwaegen L.  2013. Op zoek naar hoge groei ondernemingen in Vlaanderen: een kwantielregressie benadering. STORE. (25 p.)

  • Boiardi P. Sleuwaegen L.  2013. The attractiveness of Flanders for investment in headquarters. 

  • Belderbos R. Roggeman T. Sleuwaegen L. Van Hove J.  2013. Internationale handel in diensten en de positie van Vlaanderen. VISION. (40 p.)

  • Boiardi P. Sleuwaegen L.  2013. The attractiveness of Flanders for investment in headquarters. Flanders DC. (65 p.)

  • Goedhuys M. Sleuwaegen L.  2013. Snelgroeiende KMOs in Vlaanderen: Ruimtelijke, sectoriële en ondernemings-specifieke determinanten. STORE. (31 p.)

  • Goedhuys M. Sleuwaegen L.  2013. KT project: Ondersteuning bij opmaak opportuniteitsanalyse met oog op de evaluatie: Gazellenbeleid. STORE. (7 p.)

  • Goedhuys M. Sleuwaegen L.  2012. Snelgroeiende ondernemingen in Vlaanderen. STORE. (31 p.)

  • Goedhuys M. Sleuwaegen L.  2012. Snelgroeiende ondernemingen: karakterisering en aanwezigheid in Vlaanderen. STORE. (23 p.)

  • Boiardi P. Sleuwaegen L.  2012. The attractiveness of Flanders for investment in headquarters. (52 p.)

  • Sleuwaegen L.  2012. Belgium in the new global economy: export and international sourcing. (68 p.)

  • Sleuwaegen L. Boiardi P.  2011. Flanders as a creative innovative region. Flanders DC. (49 p.)

  • Boiardi P. Sleuwaegen L.  2011. US Direct Investment in Belgium - 2011 Report including the 2011 AmCham Business Confidence Survey. Amcham EU.

  • Buysse R. Sleuwaegen L.  2010. De contextuele determinanten van het ondernemerschap in Vlaanderen. Flanders DC. (50 p.)

  • Sleuwaegen L. Onkelinx J.  2010. Internationalization strategy and performance of small and medium sized enterprises. 

  • Boiardi P. Sleuwaegen L.  2010. The international expansion path of Bekaert, AB Inbev and Belgacom. Flanders DC. (58 p.)

  • Voisey C. Onkelinx J. Sleuwaegen L. Buysse R.  2010. The legitimation strategies of internationalizing Flemish SMEs and their subsidiaries. Flanders DC. (69 p.)

  • Boiardi P. Sleuwaegen L.  2010. US Direct Investment in Belgium - 2010 Report. 

  • Buysse R. Sleuwaegen L. Vanden Bussche S.  2009. Buitenlandse directe investeringen in België. (8 p.)

  • Onkelinx J. Sleuwaegen L.  2009. Determinants of successful internationalization by SMEs. Flanders DC. (72 p.)

  • De Witte F. Sleuwaegen L.  2009. Foreign Direct Investments: Location choices across the value chain. Flanders DC. (52 p.)

  • Belderbos R. Sleuwaegen L. Veugelers R.  2009. Market integration and technological leadership in Europe. 

  • Belderbos R. Sleuwaegen L. Veugelers R. Boiardi P. Leten B. Stroobants J.  2009. Market integration and technological leadership in Europe; Mapping market share positions, product market diversification, multinationality and technology scope and strength through the MSM methodology. 

  • Boiardi P. Onkelinx J. Sleuwaegen L.  2009. US Direct Investment in Belgium - 2009 Report. 

  • De Witte F. De Voldere I. Sleuwaegen L.  2008. Foreign Direct Investments. Trends and developments. Flanders DC. (83 p.)

  • Onkelinx J. Sleuwaegen L.  2008. Internationalization of SMEs. Flanders DC. (90 p.)

  • De Voldere I. De Witte F. Onkelinx J. Sleuwaegen L.  2008. US Direct Investment in Belgium - 2008 Report. (120 p.)

  • Sleuwaegen L. De Voldere I.  2007. De concurrentiële positie van ondernemingen in België. (78 p.)

  • Colantone I. Sleuwaegen L.  2007. Globalization and entrepreneurship. (44 p.)

  • Bowen H. De Voldere I. Onkelinx J. Sleuwaegen L.  2007. US Direct Investment in Belgium - 2007 Report. (50 p.)

  • De Backer K. Sleuwaegen L.  2006. Het concurrentievermogen van België. Tweede studie - De creatieve processen: ondernemerschap, internationalisatie en innovatie. 

  • De Voldere I. Janssens E. Onkelinx J. Sleuwaegen L.  2006. The creative economy: Challenges and opportunities for the DC regions. (147 p.)

  • Bowen H. De Voldere I. Onkelinx J. Sleuwaegen L.  2006. US Direct Investment in Belgium 2006 - Interim Status Report. (64 p.)

  • Bowen H. Moesen W. Sleuwaegen L.  2006. A composite index of the creative economy: with application to regional best practices. Flanders DC. (29 p.)

  • Sleuwaegen L. De Backer K.  2005. Strategische Omgevingsanalyse: uitdagingen voor de toekomst. Nood aan een creatief groeimodel. 

  • Sleuwaegen L. De Backer K.  2005. Tweede rapport over de concurrentiekracht van de Vlaamse economie. 

  • Sleuwaegen L. De Backer K. Coucke K. Vandenbroere I.  2004. Buitenlandse aanwezigheid in Vlaanderen. (119 p.)

  • Sleuwaegen L. De Backer K. Coucke K. Vandenbroere I.  2004. De industrieel-economische structuur en competitiviteit van de Vlaamse economie – Bijdrage van de buitenlandse ondernemingen aan de Vlaamse kenniseconomie. (108 p.)

  • Sleuwaegen L. De Backer K. Coucke K. Vandenbroere I.  2004. Nieuwe internationalisatiestratgieën van Vlaamse ondernemingen. (87 p.)

  • Sleuwaegen L. Vandenbroere I. Coucke K. De Backer K.  2003. De industrieel-economische structuur en competiviteit van de Vlaamse economie. Vlerick Leuven Gent Management School.

  • Sleuwaegen L. Veugelers R. De Voldere I. Reynaerts J.  2003. Determinants of industrial concentration, market integration and efficiency in the European Union. 

  • Sleuwaegen L. De Backer K. van Pottelsberghe B. Nysten S. Gille J. Molemaker R.J.  2003. Naar een nieuw balans tussen economie en ecologie: onderzoek over de economische impact van de luchthaven Brussel voor de Belgische economie. 

  • Sleuwaegen L. De Backer K.  2003. Rapport over het concurrentievermogen van de Vlaamse economie. Vlerick Leuven Gent Management School.

  • Sleuwaegen L. Van Dierdonck R. Vandenbroere I. Minne V. Dereuwe G.  2002. Europese distributiecentra en value added activities in Vlaanderen: economische betekenis en concurrentiepositie. (215 p.)

  • Van Pelt A. De Voldere I. Veugelers R. Sleuwaegen L.  2002. Sources of leadership in EU manufacturing. (44 p.)

  • Veugelers R. De Voldere I. Reynaerts J. Rommens K. Sleuwaegen L. Rondi L. Davies S. Aiginger K.  2001. Determinants of industrial concentration, market integration and efficiency in the European Union. European Commission. (171 p.)

  • Sleuwaegen L. De Voldere I. Pennings E.  2001. The implications of globalization for the definition of the relevant geographic market in competition and competitiveness analysis. European Commission. (102 p.)

  • Sleuwaegen L. De Voldere I.  1999. Competitive distortions and state aid to firms: how to define the relevant market?. 

  • Sleuwaegen L. Pennings E. De Voldere I.  1999. Public Aid and Relocation within the European Community. 

  • Schep K. De Voldere I. Sleuwaegen L.  1999. Relevant market delineation with the use of strategic business information. 

  • Sleuwaegen L. Vanden Abeele P. Vanhaverbeke W. Commandeur H.R. Beernaert W. Driesen R. Maes S. Van Hoek R.  1997. Mainport- en netwerkontwikkeling in Vlaanderen: Eindrapport. (231 p.)

  • Boiardi P. Sleuwaegen L.  . The expansion path of Belgian Multinational Enterprises (MNEs). 

Vlerick working papers

  • Sleuwaegen L. Onkelinx J.  2010. Internationlization Strategies of Small and Medium Sized Enterprises,. Vlerick Working Paper Series 2010/13

  • Colantone I. Coucke K. Sleuwaegen L.  2010. Low-cost import competition. Do small firms respond differently?. Vlerick Working Paper Series 2010/06 (14p.).

  • Colantone I. Coucke K. Sleuwaegen L.  2008. Globalisation and firm exit: Differences between small and large firms. 2008/6 (37p.).

  • Colantone I. Sleuwaegen L.  2007. Entry and exit of firms in a global economy: a cross-country and industry analysis. 2007/36 (31p.).

  • Coucke K. Sleuwaegen L.  2007. Offshoring as a Survival Strategy in Globalizing Industries: New Evidence from Belgian Manufacturing. 2007/13 (41p.).

  • Bowen H. Sleuwaegen L.  2006. A composite index of the creative economy with application to regional best practices. 2006/31 (39p.).

  • Coucke K. Sleuwaegen L.  2006. Exit in globalising industries: the role of international (out)sourcing. 2006/14 (33p.).

  • Coucke K. Pennings E. Sleuwaegen L.  2005. Employee lay-off under different modes of restructuring. 2005/13 (29p.).

  • De Voldere I. Sleuwaegen L. Van Pelt A. Veugelers R.  2004. Corporate structure of leading firms in Europe: does country of origin still matter?. 2004/12 (41p.).

  • Bowen H. Sleuwaegen L.  2004. European integration: the third step. 2004/19 (43p.).

  • Rondi L. Sleuwaegen L. Vannoni D.  2003. Changes in the industrial and geographical diversification of leading firms in European manufacturing. 2003/8 (31p.).

  • Belderbos R. Sleuwaegen L.  2003. International plant configuration strategies: a structured decision making approach and product level test. 2003/2 (53p.).

  • Sleuwaegen L. Schep K. Hartog G. Commandeur H.R.  2003. International strategic alliances: stock market responses from dutch firms partnering with EU, US and Japanese firms. 2003/2003/5 (20p.).

  • De Backer K. Sleuwaegen L.  2002. Does foreign direct investment crowed out domestic entrepreneurship?. 2002/2002/14 (35p.).

  • De Backer K. Sleuwaegen L.  2002. Foreign ownership and productivity dynamics. 2002/2002/13 (13p.).

  • Pennings E. Sleuwaegen L.  2002. The reorganization decisions of troubled firms: exit, downscale or relocate. 2002/21 (21p.).

  • De Backer K. Sleuwaegen L.  2001. Does foreign investment crowd out domestic entrepreneurship? . 2001/120 (24p.).

  • Sleuwaegen L. Belderbos R.  2001. Foreign investment and international plant configuration: whither the product cycle? evidence from Japanese firms. 2001/101 (38p.).

  • Sleuwaegen L. De Voldere I.  2001. Globalisation and the definition of the relevant geographic market in antitrust practice. 2001/7 (38p.).